Headlines

#

Sponsor

Sponsor

Chosen Ones


Rare Photos of the Russian Buran Space Program

It was the Largest and Most Expensive in Soviet Space Exploration History - a grand effort and a noble, if not fully realized, dream...

The frustrating end to this titanic program (it was canceled in 1993 due to the political situation and a lack of funding), and some resemblance of "Buran" to the American space shuttle, make it easy to forget the impressive results that it achieved: a fully operational line of shuttles with one (unmanned) space flight in 1988 and the development of the huge "Energia" launcher, which is fully capable of lifting 200 tonnes into orbit and delivering a payload to the Moon. 

 

 

 

In other words, this program was something to behold while it lasted. Here we present rarely seen photographs of the various stages in "Buran"'s development and its trial flights, compiled from numerous Russian sites, including the most authoritative Buran.ru.

 

 

 

(images source: Ochevidec)

 

The exterior of "Buran" and Space Shuttle "Columbia" may look similar, but that's where the similarities end (it's easy to imagine that communist spies only managed to photograph a few early airframe designs). "Buran" was just a payload for the Energia launcher (with many other types of payloads possible). "Buran" had automatic landing capability and, being a well-behaved robot, landed itself in 1988 without any problems.

 

"Buran" carried by AN-225 "Mria" - an impressive combination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Some "Buran" close-ups:

 

 

 

"Buran"'s cockpit

 

Climb inside to experience rickety-looking Soviet computer panels and monitors.
It takes guts to fly into space with these...

 

 

 

 

Early Concepts of Russian Space Planes

 

There is some talk about "Spiral" orbital aircraft systems, conceived in the 50s and 60s; see many other images on this page. Some concepts are also shown on this page (in Russian).

However there is definite information and existing models of the "Burya" system, (first concepts appeared in 1954) Read more here.

 

 

 

Early "Buran"-like model, made for the aerodynamic testing:

 

 

Published in early "popular science-like" magazine in Russia were concept and plans of an orbital plan, similar to the American ideas at the time:

 

 

"Energia" launching complex

I have to admit, this shot looks like a frame from a Cold War-era sci-fi movie:

 

 

 But actual reality (in 1983) was far more fascinating (these great photos are from the book NPO "Energia", see more here)

 

 

 

Locomotives pull the shuttle and the rocket to the launching pad...

 

 

Energia-M

 

 

(image credit: "Cosmonautics - A Colorful History" ed. by Dr. Wayne R. Matson)

 

 

Pre-launch moving of "Buran" and "Energia" on rails...

 

 

Flight of the "Baikal" (top secret or elaborate hoax?)

The same Buran.ru site maintains that there has been yet another flight of "Buran"-like shuttle, called "Baikal", performed in utmost secrecy on February 4, 1992.

 

 

 

According to them, there is an interesting story associated with the naming of these ships. Everybody knows that "Buran" means a snowstorm. "Baikal", however, was the originally intended name for the program, scrapped in fears that some of the letters will burn out on landing and transform the name into "Baika" (which means a fairy-tale, untrue story), or even worse, into "kal" which means simply "crap". With "Buran"'s successful flight in 1988 these fears were put to rest, so "Baikal" again became a viable monicker. It's also worth mentioning that the projected future ships would also bear stormy names - like "Hurricane / Uragan" and "Typhoon".

Original flight plan included meeting with "Mir" space station, but the ship did not go all the way into orbit. There were problems with stabilization and at 100 km altitude "Baikal" was turned back and successfully landed, ending its 22-minute flight.

 

 

 

There is a healthy dose of controversy surrounding these facts, bearing in mind the utmost secrecy of the attempt. However, even if the flight did not actually take place, the program continued well into the 90s and amazingly, was not even officially closed... just abandoned. You see, it takes some significant funds to properly mothball/close the program, and of course all the funds were already gone.

The "Buran" program had a chance of resurrection in 2003, when all US shuttles were grounded, but the equipment and infrastructure were already dismantled or re-purposed, leaving the whole the idea in sad abandonment to this very day.

This "Buran" is mothballed in storage, most of the others are effectively destroyed.

 

 

 

 

 

The total spending on this program amounts to $16-17 billion dollars. At least one of the shuttles is used for vibration testing at TZAGI Institute:

 

 

The slogan in this picture says "Work with Inspiration", and truly, there is something grand, noble and inspiring in the best efforts of the army of engineers, scientists and pilots, even though the fruits of their labor is seemingly lost.

 

via


Sponsor

Newest PLUGS

The 200 Orgasms Per Day Woman} The 200 Orgasms Per Day Woman

SARAH Carmen, 24, says the Permanent Sexual Arousal Syndrome that she suffers from can cause her to have orgasm at any time of day.

Fat Man on the Beach} Fat Man on the Beach

Damn, he can not stand up! I know ill be UP With those two Babes...

There is Something In Here i can See it!} There is Something In Here i can See it!

:) Totally Crazy Demotivational Posters from TotalVerueckt PicDump!

Naked Therapist Strips Down For Troubled Patients} Naked Therapist Strips Down For Troubled Patients

A freelance computer programmer, White says she decided to perform online strip-therapy after she was left uninspired by the theories she learned as an undergraduate psychology student.

People and Their Avatars} People and Their Avatars

As it usually consumes quite a bit of time in computer games, there seems to be really enough people who have so much homoerotic tendencies that they can stare for hours at a man's ass ...

Woman Laughs as Seal} Woman Laughs as Seal

:) Damn, this is awesome! Just look at her...

Recently in an Interview} Recently in an Interview

The Nutty Kautz seems to have personality disorder! ;)

More Fun Here


This site recommends the Mozilla Firefox browser with best view monitor settings at 1280x1024 resolution.
Copyright 2011 BOREDNIGHT

The one website for all of your entertainment needs. Funny videos, funny pictures, fun games, blogs, and more. All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.